Osteoarthritis (OA) also known as degenerative arthritis or degenerative joint disease, is a group of mechanical abnormalities involving degradation of joints, including articular cartilage and subchondral bone (the layer of bone just below the cartilage).
Symptoms 0f osteoarthritis may include joint pain, tenderness, stiffness, locking, and sometimes an effusion which is also referred to as "water on the knee" and "fluid on the knee".
A variety of causes include hereditary, developmental, metabolic, and mechanical — may initiate processes leading to loss of cartilage.
When bone surfaces become less well protected by cartilage, bone may be exposed and damaged. As a result of decreased movement secondary to pain, regional muscles may atrophy, and ligaments may become looser.
If you suffer from this kind of pain, you should take these steps:
* Exercise the muscles surrounding affected joints.
* Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate (500 milligrams - 3 times a day). Allow at least 3 weeks to see results.
* Take vitamin C (300 milligrams twice a day, assuming you are not taking a statin drug such as Lipitor). Vitamin C Blocks the effects of inflammatory free radicals in the joint. Works synergistically with fish oil to enhance its effect.
* Take vitamin D (at least 400 IU a day). Low levels of this vitamin can lead directly to osteoarthritis.
* Take vitamin E. It furthers the work of vitamin C in preserving joint health and relieving osteoarthritis pain. (400 to 600 IU each day).
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